Single staffing in betting shops germany
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Licensees usually need to notify the responsible authority ahead of any such planned acquisition and provide proof that the new owners are reliable and fit to continue the operations. Usually this includes submitting documentation such as excerpts from the company register, criminal records and documentation of good standing.
What are the limitations or requirements imposed on land-based gambling operators? Prohibitions There is a general prohibition on offering unauthorised games of chance section 4 1 , Interstate Treaty. Casinos or any other land-based gambling establishments therefore can only offer those products which are covered by their licence. The minimum legal age for gambling in Germany is Minors are not allowed to participate in any form of gambling.
Barred players may not enter the gaming area or play in casinos. Strict entrance controls must be in place to ensure that neither minors nor barred players can participate in gambling. Barred players are usually players who have excluded themselves due to a gambling problem self-exclusion or have been determined by casino staff or others to have a gambling problem third-party-exclusion.
Controls include age verification checks and matching players' data with a nationwide database. Although alcohol is generally allowed in casinos, it is prohibited in amusement arcades. In restaurants and bars which operate slot machines, alcohol may be consumed.
With the exception of gambling premises which may be exempted by the applicable state legislation, smoking is banned in most gambling establishments. All land-based gambling establishments must adhere to defined opening hours and holidays, both of which will be set out in the relevant state laws or be determined by the responsible authority.
Restrictions Casinos. State law sets out how many casinos can be operated and their locations. Land-based casinos no longer ban local residents from gambling or, as also used to be the case in some states, bankers. Some federal states limit the number of tables and slots allowed in casinos but there are no restrictions on payouts, maximum wins or losses or the duration of games.
Other gaming premises. Slot machine gambling offered on premises other than casinos amusement arcades, restaurants and bars, for example is also subject to multiple restrictions. The Gaming Ordinance Spielverordnung determines how many machines are allowed in any one set of premises: Amusement arcades: maximum of 12 one per 12 square metres.
Restaurants and bars: maximum of two. The Ordinance also sets out game restrictions, including minimum and maximum stakes, pay-out ratios, and limits on the duration of games. In addition, amusement arcades are subject to the minimum distance requirements, among other restrictions. Most states also include explicit provisions prohibiting betting shops and amusement arcades from being operated on the same premises or building see Question 5, Available licences.
Bookmakers operating on racecourses cannot accept stakes of less than EUR Sports betting. Land-based sports betting licensees, in addition to the restrictions on the number of licences available, are subject to restrictions on the kind of games on offer. Certain forms of in-play betting are prohibited. Social responsibility requirements. Operators are expected to be familiar with the impact of games of chance and the inherent risk of addiction and must show this in their social responsibility evidence, which forms part of any licensing application.
Operators must train their staff in monitoring gambling behaviour and on the responsible operation, execution and commercial promotion of public games of chance, including making players aware of the risks of addiction. In February guidance was published on how the AML Act should be implemented in the gambling sector. Online gambling 7. What is the licensing regime if any for online gambling? Available licences Licences for online casinos.
The Interstate Treaty does not provide a licensing regime for online casinos but imposes a total ban on them. Licences for the operation of online casinos were available in Schleswig-Holstein during the time when the Gambling Act of Schleswig-Holstein, repealed in , was in force Question 1, Schleswig-Holstein. In an attempt to maintain a regulated market, Schleswig-Holstein introduced a transitional arrangement for sports betting in May and passed a law in May which revalidated online casino licences granted in and The transitional arrangement and revalidated licences are valid until 30 June Licences for the online operation and promotion of sports betting.
Since 1 January , the Interstate Treaty allows for an unlimited number of sports betting licences to be issued. Prior to the amendment, the law only provided for 20 sports betting licences to be issued during an experimental phase. However, this limitation was found to be incompatible with EU law.
In fact, the entire sports betting regime initiated in was under review as a result of its multiple flaws and not a single licence was issued to date. The current sports betting licensing process, which was initiated in January , faces similar criticism and a court order from the Administrative Court of Darmstadt of 1 April stopped the issuance of licences under the regime for the time being. The court argued that the sports betting licensing process — much like its predecessor — was designed and conducted in a non-transparent and discriminatory way.
The decision has been appealed. A decision by the appeal court is expected in There is no limit on the number of licences which can be issued. According to the official website of the body nationally responsible for issuing these licences, the Regional Council of Darmstadt in Hesse, eight such licences have been issued.
Licence for the online promotion and sale of state lottery products. A licence to promote lottery products in a single state is usually obtained from the relevant Ministry of the Interior. If licensing is needed for multiple or all German states, the regulator is the Ministry of the Interior of Lower Saxony. Eligibility Applicants must demonstrate that they: Are reliable. Are financially competent.
Meet the social responsibility standards. In addition, they must ensure that they can guarantee the required level of IT security and technical standards which allow for safe and transparent gambling, provide marketing concepts, proof of economic stability and other evidence, depending on the specific licensing process in question. Application procedure There is no general application procedure or a general rule on how long the process takes.
Concerning the current sports betting process, application details were published ahead of the law governing the licensing process entering into force. These, however, primarily concerned application documents, not the procedure or timelines.
Duration of licence and cost Duration. Sports betting licences under the Interstate Treaty are supposed to be valid until 30 June , with an option for them to be further extended until 30 June , if the experimental phase is further extended. If the Interstate Treaty enters into force as planned, sports betting licences, which are valid on 30 June will be automatically extended until 31 December Thereafter, sports betting operators will need to operate under a licence granted under the Interstate Treaty The cost of a sports betting licence is defined as being based on anticipated betting turnover.
According to the current Interstate Treaty, the minimum cost is 0. The fees increase on a sliding scale. Administrative fees are still charged for applications that have been rejected. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on online gambling operators? Prohibitions The Interstate Treaty prohibits the operation and promotion of online casino games section 4 4 as well as advertising of unauthorised games of chance section 5 5. The operation, promotion or advertising of unauthorised games of chance further constitutes a criminal offence section , German Criminal Code Strafgesetzbuch , as does participation in such games section , German Criminal Code.
Betting on any events other than sports or horse racing is prohibited. Private operators cannot operate traditional, large-scale lotteries. The operation of lotteries is reserved for the monopoly, the 16 state-controlled lottery companies that together form the State Lottery and Tote Association Deutscher Lotto und Totoblock.
Restrictions The Interstate Treaty sets out certain restrictions and requirements which need to be complied with in relation to all online licences. These include: Excluding minors and barred players by applying identification and authentication methods. Providing for self-limitation measures the Interstate Treaty suggests a monthly stake limit of EUR1, for online betting, under the Interstate Treaty , this shall become a monthly EUR1, cross-operator deposit limit and prohibiting players from taking loans from the gambling operators.
Refraining from specific "addiction stimuli", such as fast repetitions. Tailoring their "social concept" responsible gambling guidelines to the online environment for example, by demonstrating awareness towards online-specific risks and providing for mitigation measures accordingly. Ensuring that betting and lottery products are offered from separate internet domains. In relation to the sports betting product range, specific in-play betting types are supposed to be banned but neither the Interstate Treaty nor subsequent guidance manages to clearly identify which forms of in-play betting are considered illegal.
Is there a distinction between the law applicable between B2B operations and B2C operations in online gambling? Under German law, B2C operators are online gambling operators who have a website and contract directly with customers. B2C operators are required to obtain a licence. B2B operators who provide gambling services and licence the products to gambling operators without directly contracting with the customers do not require their own licence as in other jurisdictions.
Technical measures What technical measures are in place if any to protect consumers from unlicensed operators, such as ISP blocking and payment blocking? The Interstate Treaty does not explicitly regulate domain or ISP blocking, but provides for a legal basis for payment blocking section 9 1 , no. The responsible authority, the Ministry of the Interior of Lower Saxony, may ban banks and other financial institutions from processing payments relating to unauthorised gambling and some have agreed not to process certain payments on request by that body.
Since , the authority has approached PSPs with letters including hearing letters. In some situations, this lead to PSPs voluntarily ceasing co-operation with certain operators before interdiction letters being issued and despite the arguments which can be brought forward against the legality of payment blocking.
Interdiction letters were issued against PSPs in two cases. Mobile gambling and interactive gambling What differences if any are there between the regulation of mobile gambling and interactive gambling on television? Regulations on online gambling apply equally to gambling via the use of mobile devices, such as phones and tablets.
Mobile gambling is not currently defined in German law as a separate gambling entity. Call-In games, also referred to as quiz-TV or quiz-radio, do not fall under the scope of the Interstate Treaty. German courts have ruled that the remuneration requested in exchange for obtaining a chance of winning a prize, that is, the call charges, are too marginal to consider those games as illegal gambling.
Social gaming How is social gaming regulated in your jurisdiction? Although social gaming is considered to be a growth sector in the industry, German gaming law does not contain specific regulations for social gaming, and so the general provisions apply. Social games, or free-to-play games, generally do not fall under the definition of a game of chance.
They may be operated without a licence, yet restrictions may apply based on consumer or minor protection laws. Games which are not free to play may be subject to gambling regulations, if prizes have a monetary value for example, game points which can be exchanged for real money or goods. The use of a virtual currency does not automatically change the nature of a game from social to gambling, as long as the virtual currency is of no monetary value and part of a "closed loop".
There are no proposals to change the existing regulation to include social gaming. The Interstate Treaty , however, includes provisions limiting the extent to which gambling licensees may offer free-to-play games or demos of games. Blockchain technology To what extent is blockchain used in gambling in your jurisdiction? How is it regulated? In a gambling context, blockchain technology is most visible to German players in the form of cryptocurrencies and there are gambling companies who offer German players the use of cryptocurrencies on their sites.
There is, however, no gambling-specific regulation regarding blockchain and cryptocurrencies in Germany. There have been suggestions regarding law enforcement in the gambling sector possibly being ensured through a state-organised, blockchain-based payment system for licensed gambling operators.
These suggestions formed part of a study commissioned by some of the German states in However, these suggestions are not being seriously considered or discussed. It is also highly questionable whether German gambling authorities would be ready for such a regulatory model. Therefore, blockchain and cryptocurrencies are primarily discussed in a banking law and financial services context, and the German financial supervisory authority BaFin has issued guidance on blockchain, cryptocurrencies and the extent to which licences are required.
Gambling debts Are gambling debts enforceable in your jurisdiction? Gambling debts are not enforceable in Germany since they are considered "debts of honour" section 1 , Civil Code. However, once gaming debts are settled, they are not reclaimable section 2.
State-approved lotteries or raffles are excepted from this section This exception will presumably also apply to sports betting debts from a licensed operation when licences will have been granted. Tax What are the applicable tax regimes for land-based and online gambling? Land-based gambling The following tax regime applies: Land-based casino operators. These operators usually pay taxes on gross gaming revenue GGR. Some federal states have incorporated a system that combines gross gaming revenue and profit taxation.
Some states impose additional levies or apply progressive tax rates, depending on the economic capability of the casino operator. However, casinos are exempt from corporate taxation. Sports betting operators. This also applies to betting on horse racing. Such reasons may exist if business operations would otherwise be significantly restricted or could not be maintained at all.
According to the draft, employees can refuse to work in a home office if, for example, there is a lack of space, disturbances by third parties or insufficient equipment. The obligation to wear masks will continue to apply for the interior areas of all workplaces.
This obligation does not exist in areas that are not accessible to the public, provided that a distance of 1. Update 9 November The Corona regulations in the German state of Bavaria have been tightened: Businesses with more than ten employees may only grant access to employees, if they have been vaccinated, recovered or tested. If persons are not vaccinated or recovered, they must present a negative test twice a week. The employer is obligated to check the proof of vaccination, recovery or test to be presented.
This regulation applies to everyone who has contact with others at work, whether customers or colleagues. Employees working from home are excluded. Employees who work in retail or in local public transport are also excluded. In addition, masks are still mandatory at the workplace unless a minimum distance of 1. Please do let us know if you would like detailed advice from our colleagues in Germany.
Update 3 September According to German news outlets the government parties reached an agreement yesterday evening on the hot topic of vaccination status enquiries. As part of the amendment to the German Infection Protection Act, employers will now be entitled to demand proof of vaccination or recovery status from employees if and to the extent that this is necessary to prevent the spread of the coronavirus disease.
However, this will only cover the health, care and education sectors to protect vulnerable groups as well as at-risk facilities where large numbers of people are in close quarters. The introduction of a general right to information on the vaccination status, as demanded by employers' associations, seems to be off the table.
The amendment is expected to be discussed in the health committee of the Bundestag as early as today and to be passed in the Bundestag next week. Further detail is available here. Update 2 September A new federal occupational health and safety regulation has been published. The amended regulation enters into force on 10 September and as expected provides for the following: Continued obligation of employers to offer Covid tests to employees twice a week.
The time period for retaining proof of procurement regarding the tests has been extended until 24 November Employers also have to support company doctors organisational and staff support who carry out Covid vaccinations. In the context of occupational health and safety instructions, employees must be informed about health risks of a Covid infection and about the possibility of protective vaccinations.
In the context of risk assessment and hygiene concepts, it has been clarified that when determining and implementing occupational infection protection measures, employers can take into account any vaccination or recovery status of their employees that is known to them. The regulations do not provide for a statutory right to inquire to the vaccination status of employees.
The latest version of this regulation applies until 24 November The latter is being strongly criticised by German Employers' Associations as the government decided to end all free of charge citizen test offers as of 11 October but it is expected that the test offer obligation by employers shall be extended beyond that date. Furthermore, a home office offer obligation in case of an incidence level over 50 has been discussed by the German Labour Minister Hubertus Heil.
Update 2 August The German government has issued a new ordinance to limit the further spread of the pandemic which entered into effect on 1 August In principle, all travellers age 12 or older entering Germany, must provide a negative Covid-Test, medical proof of a past Covid infection or of full vaccination. There will only be two instead of three different categories of countries with increased infection risks: high risk areas and virus variant areas.
Travellers must register upfront with the online portal of the German government — they will particularly have to provide personal data and the place where the required quarantine will be observed. Travellers entering from a virus variant area will always have to provide a negative test, irrespective if fully vaccinated or recovered from an infection.
Travellers entering from a high-risk area or virus variant area if they have been in such areas within the last 10 days prior to entering Germany — not only transit without stop must observe a strict quarantine upon their own costs: Virus variant areas: strict day quarantine; or High risk areas: day quarantine which can be shortened if the competent authorities are provided with a negative test, proof of past infection recovery or full vaccination proof.
There will be random inspections; border inspections for all travellers are currently not envisaged. Update 12 July One state requiring employers to verify negatives tests of employees returning from holiday North Rhine Westphalia has imposed a duty on employers to verify Covid tests of unvaccinated employees returning from vacations other German states may follow.
The updated ordinance of the state of North Rhine Westphalia dated 9 July provides the following: Employees who have been on vacation after 1 July for at least five consecutive workdays must provide their employer on or during the first day of their return to work with proof of a negative Covid test. This obligation does not apply to employees who are considered fully immunized.
Update 7 June Vaccination prioritisation scheme The vaccination prioritisation scheme for certain age and employee groups has been lifted. All persons at least 16 years or older can now apply for a vaccination appointment with vaccination centres, company doctors or private practitioners. However, as there are still not sufficient vaccination doses available, it may take a couple of weeks until receiving the first vaccination appointment.
Update 11 May Ordinance on relaxation of measures for vaccinated and recovered persons outside of the employment context On 9 May , a new ordinance came into force, easing certain measures for vaccinated and recovered persons.
These persons will now be treated equally to those who have tested negative for Covid A person is considered as vaccinated when the necessary vaccinations usually two have been performed and 14 days have passed since the last vaccination.
Contact and exit restrictions now no longer apply to vaccinated and recovered persons. This means, for example, that vaccinated and recovered persons are no longer counted at private gatherings. Night-time curfew restrictions under the Infection Protection Act no longer apply to these groups. Also, quarantine obligations do not apply to vaccinated and recovered persons anymore. However, in the employment context, the ordinance does not provide for any relaxations yet.
The rules on hygiene and distance requirements, the obligation to offer Covid tests and the home office requirement continue to apply to all employees, even if they are vaccinated or have recovered. In this context, the IfSG now provides the following: Employees are now obliged to accept an offer from their employer to work from home, provided there are no conflicting reasons, which may include cramped living conditions, disturbance by third parties eg family members or inadequate technical equipment.
Not only employers but also employees are now forced to consider the possibility of working from home. Whereas employees were previously only asked to make use of their employer's offer, there is now an obligation on employees to work from home, provided there are no reasons to the contrary.
The obligation to work from home is limited in time to the duration of the epidemic situation, longest until 30 June If employees do not agree to work from home, there is no penalty or fine. The legislation also introduces night curfews from 10pm to 5am in areas where the incidence rate is over per k residents. During this time, however, it is permitted to leave the house for the purpose of work.
Obligation to offer Covid tests twice a week With effect from 20 April , the Corona Occupational Health and Safety ordinance was amended to include an obligation to offer Covid tests to employees once a week. This obligation for employers has now been further extended. Instead of one Covid test, employers must now offer their employees two Covid tests a week if the employees do not exclusively work from home. As before, both PCR and antigen tests also for self-testing may be used.
Employers may also use service providers to fulfil their obligation to offer tests twice a week. Other regulations on hygiene measures eg observance of the minimum distance, use of protective masks, etc continue to remain in force. The amendment is expected to enter into force by the middle of next week. We have outlined the details below: Employers will be obliged to offer their employees who are not exclusively working from home a Covid test at least once a week.
Employees accommodated in shared housing or workers who have direct physical contact with other people or frequent contact with customers must be offered two tests per week. The obligation to provide the tests applies regardless of the company's size.
Employees, on the other hand, are not obligated to make use of the test offer. Even though employers must provide the tests, they do not have to document if their employees are actually using them. Accordingly, test results do not have to be documented either. It would therefore be sufficient to simply send self-tests home to employees or to deposit self-tests in the office where they are accessible to everyone. A list of the self-tests which are approved by the federal institute for pharmaceuticals and medical products can be found here.
According to the government, there are currently enough self-tests available on the market to ensure independent procurement through employers. The employer may of course also offer PCR tests or rapid antigen tests if the necessary infrastructure is already in place.
The cost of Covid tests will not be reimbursed to employers by the Government. In addition, other measures that were already included in the Covid Occupational Health and Safety Ordinance were extended until 30 June , such as distance regulations, hygiene regulations and the appeal to allow employees to work from home if possible. Update 24 March The lockdown has been extended until 18 April Plans to have mandatory "rest days" over Easter have been shelved, however other points worth noting are: Continued obligation to offer working from home wherever possible: The occupational health and safety regulation issued by the German Ministry of Labour has been extended until 30 April Until then, employers are obligated to allow their employees to work from home if the nature of the activities allows it.
Covid tests at the workplace: Where working from home is not possible, employees should be offered at least one, and "if available," two Covid rapid tests per week. At the beginning of April, the trade associations will present an initial implementation report showing how many companies conduct rapid tests. On this basis, the German government will discuss whether it is necessary to introduce an obligation for employers to test employees.
Travel restrictions and quarantine: Citizens should refrain from non-essential travel. Anyone returning from a foreign high-risk area must remain in quarantine for ten days. This can be shortened by a negative test, but not before the fifth day after entry. When returning from virus variant areas, a strict quarantine of 14 days must be observed.
Free testing: Free rapid tests will also be further expanded. Citizens have the opportunity to take a free rapid test once a week. In schools and childcare facilities, children and employees should be tested at least once a week. Employers are required to provide medical masks where employees work together in the worksite. Local adaption of measures: In districts, where the incidence exceeds over a three-day period, further measures should be taken.
The affected districts should then impose curfews and, if and where necessary, tighten contact restrictions. From an incidence of , any openings made, eg in the areas of childcare, hospitality and retail, are to be reversed again. These measures must now be implemented by the federal states by 29 March through legal ordinance.
The next conference between the chancellor and the prime ministers of the federal states is scheduled for 12 April However, some relaxation and a further opening strategy have been agreed: It is now permissible to meet with a maximum of 5 persons from two households.
Children up to 14 years of age do not count. If the 7-day incidence rises to over for three consecutive days, the strict contact restrictions one household only allowed to meet with one person from another household will apply again.
Non-essential private trips and visits are not allowed. The obligation to offer working from home wherever possible continues: The occupational health and safety regulation issued by the German Ministry of Labour has been extended until 30 April Until then employers are obliged to allow their employees to work from home if the nature of the activities permits it. Employers are required to provide medical masks to employees when working with other employees.
The Government will discuss this issue further today. Regardless of this, from 8 March all citizens should be able to be tested free of charge at least once a week, for example in test centres run by local authorities. Gradual relaxation of restrictions from 8 March are expected, with each step depending on the 7-day incidence in the respective region: Now that schools and hair salons have already reopened, in a second opening step, book shops, flower and garden shops are allowed to reopen with restrictions on the number of costumers.
Further service providers may also reopen. If wearing a mask is not possible, eg in beauty salons, customers must provide a negative Covid test result. In regions with a 7-day incidence of less than 50, retail stores are allowed to reopen with restrictions on the number of customers, as well as museums, zoos and botanical gardens. If the 7-day incidence rises to more than 50 again, stricter restrictions will apply again.
If the 7-day incidence does not increase after the opening steps, further relaxations will take place after 14 days on 22 March at the earliest. In particular, we expect to see the opening of outdoor restaurants, theatres and cinemas and to allow contact-free sports indoors and contact sports outdoors. If the 7-day incidence rises to more than 50 again, stricter measures are to take effect again.
However, some minor relaxations have also been agreed. And, hairdressers may reopen from 1 March: Continued closure of Retail stores, pubs, restaurants, cultural and leisure facilities medically required treatments remain permissible. Continued contact restrictions: Only permissible to meet with members of the own household and one person from another household.
Non-essential private trips and visits - also of relatives - are to be refrained from furthermore. Continued obligation to offer working from home wherever possible: The occupational health and safety regulation issued by the German Ministry of Labour is still valid until 15 March Until then employers are obligated to offer their employees to work from home if the nature of the activities permits it. Companies are required to provide medical masks to employees where working in the presence of others is still required.
For "confined space work areas" room occupancy should be reduced in accordance with the occupational health and safety standard. To reduce the number of passengers using public transportation at rush hours, companies are encouraged to introduce flexible working hours wherever possible. For more details on the regulation see the Insight on our website here. Re-opening of schools and kindergartens: The Federal States can decide in their discretion how to reopen schools and kindergartens.
Medical masks should be used, and ventilation and hygiene measures remain important. Rapid tests should also be used more frequently. Re-opening of hair salons from 1 March: Hygiene rules, reservations and medical masks are mandatory. Further relaxations in case of an incidence of less than In districts with a stable seven-day incidence of no more than 35 new infections per , inhabitants the federal states will be allowed to take further opening steps.
These will include reopening of retail stores access limitation of one customer per 20 square metres , opening of museums and galleries and further service sectors. The Federal States may impose restrictions at their discretion. Home Office: the German Ministry of Labour will issue a regulation obligating employers to offer their employees to work from home wherever possible and practical considering the nature of activities.
The regulation shall apply until 15 March but has not yet been published. Employers are required to provide medical masks to employees where working with other employees is required. Social distancing in the workplace continues to apply: For "confined work areas" occupancy should be reduced in accordance with the occupational health and safety standards.
Flexible working hours encouraged: Companies are also encouraged to introduce flexible working hours wherever possible, in order to reduce the number of passengers using public transportation during rush hours. Contact restrictions: One is only allowed to meet with members of their own household and one person from another household.
The German Federal Government and the Federal States will consult again on 25 January to decide on the further way forward. Field trips and shopping are explicitly not considered valid reasons. Professional or official activities are generally still permissible. There is still no uniform guideline for all towns and districts on how to prove a justified reason which allows someone to leave the house.
In some districts the presentation of a company ID card or similar is sufficient. Therefore, it is advisable to provide employees affected by a curfew with regard to place and time with a certificate in case they have to come to the office. Sick days for parents: The number of sick days for parents paid by the statutory health insurance will be doubled now 20 days in total - parents are allowed to take them, not only if their children are sick, but also if school or day-care operations are restricted because of Covid.
An extension of the "hard lockdown" until either 24 January or 31 January is expected. It is unclear whether schools and kindergartens will remain closed. Closure of: Retail stores, service companies in the field of personal care medically necessary treatments as physiotherapy remain possible , pubs, restaurants, cultural and leisure facilities. Working from home: Employers remain "urged" to consider whether premises may be closed for company holidays or generous home office solutions.
As a side note: The German Federal Minister of Labour has now presented a new draft law that is intended to grant works councils a specific co-determination right in mobile work arrangements as an alternative to the previously considered entitlement to home office work which has been rejected by Chancellor Merkel. We will provide separate Insight on this soon. Leaving home is only permitted for important reasons, including, among others, professional or official activities. These reasons include professional or official activities, as well as the use of healthcare activities, supply shopping, sports and exercise in the fresh air, and others.
In addition, curfews from 9pm to 5am apply for the time being to all towns and districts with an incidence of more than infections per , inhabitants per week. Employees wishing to rely on the professional activity exemption must show credible reasons for being outside home. A uniform guideline for all towns and districts on how to prove the important reason which allows them to leave the house does not exist yet.
Our German team are very happy to assist with this. Workplace Covid testing: although more and more testing centres are being established in German cities, wearing of masks and social distancing are still considered as a less intrusive and more reasonable restrictions than any testing obligations except for very sensitive areas like health care and nursing.
Withdrawal of prior exceptions for Christmas and New Year's Eve: From 24 to 26 December private meetings must be limited to one's own household and 4 additional persons of the closer family circle parents, siblings etc. Children under 14 years of age do not count.
No exceptions apply for New Year's Eve. Closure of retail stores: Retail stores will be closed with the exception of grocery stores and stores selling goods for everyday consumption. Service companies in the field of personal care: Hairdressers, massage studios, beauty salons and similar businesses will be closed. Medically necessary treatments as physiotherapy remain possible. Extension of closure of pubs, restaurants, cultural and leisure facilities. In addition, a ban on drinking alcohol in the public sector is being introduced.
Employers: Employers are "urged" to consider whether premises may be closed for company holidays or generous home office solutions from 16 December to 10 January Schools and kindergartens: Children should stay home whenever possible. Schools are being closed or children are being educated at home. The same applies for kindergartens.
Emergency child care is being established. Financial support for companies and institutions affected by the partial lockdown are to continue. Please see below a summary for Hesse, Bavaria and North-Rhine-Westphalia: In Hesse, curfews from 9pm to 5am apply to all towns and districts with a "consistent" incidence of more than infections per , inhabitants per week.
Leaving one's own home is only permitted for important reasons, including, among others, the exercise of professional or official activities. In Bavaria exit restrictions apply throughout the state: Leaving one's own home is only allowed for good reason. These reasons include professional or official activities, as well as the use of healthcare activities, supply shopping, sports and exercise in the fresh air, and other. Leaving one's own home is only permitted for certain reasons, including, among others, the exercise of professional or official activities.
The prime minister announced to extend the curfews throughout the state. In North Rhine-Westphalia, for the time being, no additional measures are planned. Update 11 December In view of the high infection and death rates, many German federal states are tightening Covid measures.
The latest for Hesse and North-Rhine-Westphalia below - these are in addition to the latest restrictions in Bavaria below.
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