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Difference between freon 11 and freon 12 replacements

difference between freon 11 and freon 12 replacements

(61%/11%/28%). Genetron® MP Suva® MP Honeywell. DuPont. R efficiency refrigerant designed for new equipment. NOT FOR. RETROFITTING. Dichlorodifluoromethane (R) is a colorless gas usually sold under the brand name Freon, and a chlorofluorocarbon halomethane (CFC) used as a. You are probably referring to the refrigerants R11 and R R12 is a low temp to medium temp refrigerant usually used in refrigeration systems. BRENT CRUDE OIL INVESTING COMPANIES

Replacements for R11 R is now being replaced by other environment friendly refrigerants, of which the most common is R If the R refrigeration equipment that were manufactured before are being replaced by R dichlorotrifluoroethane refrigerant then some alteration would be required in the chiller. Why is it called CFC? CFC production and use All compounds have no known natural sources.

What refrigerants are HFO? Because of their lower GWP values, these refrigerants have a much shorter life cycle in the atmosphere. What is the chemical formula for refrigerant R11? Refrigerant R12 or Freon 12 Refrigerant R is another refrigerant used commonly in the refrigeration and air conditioning systems.

Dichlorodifluoridemethane Freon 12 , trichlorofluoromethane Freon 11 , chlorodifluoromethane Freon 22 , dichlorotetrafluoroethane Freon , and trichlorotrifluoroethane Freon are the crucial members of the family. By the late s, a research team was curated by Charles Franklin Kettering in General Motors to substitute dangerous refrigerants like ammonia. Thomas Midgley, Jr, headed the group. In , the team enhanced the synthesis of CFCs and demonstrated their utility, stability and non-toxicity.

Kettering patented a refrigerating apparatus to use the gas; he issued it to Frigidaire, a wholly-owned subsidiary of General Motors. The number after the R is a refrigerant class number developed by DuPont to identify single halogenated hydrocarbons and other refrigerants besides halocarbons systematically.

Most CFCs' uses are now banned or severely restricted by the Montreal Protocol of August , as they are responsible for ozone depletion. Brands of Freon containing hydrofluorocarbons HFCs instead have replaced many uses, but they, too, are under strict control under the Kyoto Protocol, as they are deemed "super-greenhouse effect" gases.

The number that is farthest from the right is the number of fluorines. The second number from the right is the number of hydrogen plus one. Lastly, the third digit from the right is the number of carbons minus one. You have to specify which Freon formula you are asking for. You can understand the chemical formula of Freons by using the following method. Freon no.

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difference between freon 11 and freon 12 replacements


If not, you may want to consider switching to a different product. Freon is most commonly used in air conditioners, so if you have an air conditioner that uses Freon, you will need to get it replaced or repaired before the ban goes into effect. The Montreal Protocol, which was signed in , phased out the production of chlorofluorocarbons CFCs , which are also harmful to the ozone layer.

The Protocol has been successful in reducing the production of CFCs and has helped to slow the depletion of the ozone layer. While it may be inconvenient for those of us who use products that contain Freon, it is a necessary measure to protect our planet. Yes, Freon is still used as a refrigerant, but only in limited amounts and only in older systems. HCFC, which is a recycled refrigerant, will be the only refrigerant available after January 1, This means that technicians must source recycled Freon to keep old cooling systems running.

In the automotive world, the replacement for R12 was tetrafluoroethylene, a hydrofluorocarbon HFC branded as Ra. Ra is a hydrofluorocarbon HFC , which means it does not deplete the ozone layer. However, it is a potent greenhouse gas, with a global warming potential GWP of 1, In other words, it has the potential to trap 1, times more heat than carbon dioxide CO2 over a year period.

So, while Ra may not be as damaging to the ozone layer as R12, it is still a significant contributor to climate change. So, while Ra is not the same as Freon, it is still a harmful gas that is contributing to climate change. If you are using Ra, you should consider switching to a more environmentally friendly refrigerant. What Is Freon Called Now? CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement to protect the ozone layer.

RA is a hydrofluorocarbon HFC that does not deplete the ozone layer. RA is used in air conditioners, heat pumps, and refrigerators. After that, only products that use RA can be manufactured and sold in the United States. RA is a safe and efficient refrigerant that helps protect the environment. If you are buying a new air conditioner or heat pump, make sure it uses RA.

Freon, also known as HCFC and R, is a chlorofluorocarbon compound used as a refrigerant in a wide range of applications. The phase-out of Freon began in , when new air conditioning, heat pumps, and refrigeration systems stopped using the compound. While the phase-out of Freon will have some impacts on the economy, it is necessary to protect the ozone layer. The Montreal Protocol was signed in , and the United States ratified the agreement in The Protocol requires signatories to phase out the production and use of chlorofluorocarbons CFCs , including Freon.

It can be used applications like walk-in coolers, food and dairy display cases, domestic refrigerators, and beverage dispensers and vending machines. This refrigerant is suitable for domestic and commercial freezers and transport refrigeration. Why Ra is the Best Replacement for R12 Among all the alternatives available for R12, Ra is considered to be the best available option because it has favorable toxicity data and good chemical stability.

Ra is nonflammable and non-explosive, however its mixture with air is found to be combustible at high pressures and they can cause injury or property damage. Ra is non-corrosive with the copper, aluminum and standard steel materials. Ra is the single component refrigerant and not the blend like the other alternatives. While handling Ra, the technicians should work in the ventilated place and should avoid inhaling the gas.

How easy is Replacing R12? The switchover from R to other refrigerants is quite a simple procedure. Firstly, the old refrigerant R has to be removed from the system and recovered as per the EPA this refrigerant should be returned back and it is illegal to release it to the atmosphere.

Then the lubricant of the refrigeration system has to be changed along with the filter and drier. Once this is done, the refrigeration system can be charged with the new alternative refrigerant. In some systems minor change in the settings of the expansion valve and other controls may be required. The alternative refrigerants are not compatible with the mineral oil used as the lubricants with R12 refrigerant. Thus when new refrigerants are used, the compressors should be charged with the synthetic lubricants like alkylbenzene synthetic.

R12 Replacement for the Vehicles In most of the vehicles, the air conditioners use the R12 refrigerant, which is now getting difficult to get and expensive. For vehicles also the most appropriate alternative is Ra refrigerant. It has been approved by all the vehicle manufacturers for replacing the R12 refrigerant.

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